World Health Day is celebrated every year, this year it falls on 7th April 2011. It spreads awareness on different health problems that has to be given attention. It also attracts attention of the world by bringing up a theme on this day. The theme of World Health Day 2011 is Antimicrobial resistance.
What is Antimicrobial resistance?
Antimicrobial resistance has been in discussion for many years. It occurs when micro-organisms such as viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi change in ways, that cause the medications used to cure the infections ineffective. The resistant microorganisms which become antimicrobials are termed as “superbugs”. This becomes a major concern when the resistant infection spread to others.
The major concerns of a resistant infection caused by “superbugs “are:
- It may kill a person
- It spreads easily to others from a person
- It requires huge medical costs to individuals and society
The menace named antimicrobial resistance is increasing year-by-year. It needs urgent and consolidated hard work to avoid entering into the next era. The World Health Organization (WHO) has organized a six-point policy package to combat the spread of antimicrobial resistance.
How does Antimicrobial resistance occur?
The development and spread of drug resistance or antimicrobial resistance occurs by several reasons. They are:
- Inappropriate use of medicines
- Taking insufficient doses
- Incompletion of a prescribed course of medicine
- Taking wrong prescriptions or low-quality medicines
- Poor quality of infection control and prevention
Inefficient measures taken by the Government to address the issue and lack of close watch to treat and prevent the problem are making the situation worse.
Spreading Antimicrobial Resistance Globally
Antimicrobial resistance is also known as drug resistance. We are living in a modern era in which we rely on antimicrobial medicines and antibiotics to treat health conditions. But, medicines are proved to be ineffective to treat the problem called antimicrobial resistance.
World Health Organization (WHO) will be thrusting on the importance of intensified global commitment on this World Health Day 2011, to safeguard these medicines for future generations. Antimicrobial resistance and its global spread, threatens the continued effectiveness of many medicines used today to treat infectious diseases.
World Health Organization will call on Governments and stakeholders on World Health Day 2011, to execute the action plan to put a stop to the surfacing of highly defiant microorganisms.